The city of Fano is located along the Adriatic coast, northwest of the mouth of Metauro, one of the major river courses of the Marche. The modern center, as it has since Roman times, rises on an alluvial terrace of the Quaternary, which rises to about 14 meters above sea level on the right bank of the Arzilla, another torrent of lesser flow. Its altitude guaranteed the center adequate protection against floods and tides. The territory of Fano, site of human activity since prehistoric times, witnessed the development of the Picene civilization during the Iron Age. Numerous indeed are the grave goods from individual burial sites and necropolises found in Monte Giove and San Costanzo. In the 4th c. BC, the northern Picene territory was invaded by the Senone Gauls, later defeated by the Romans in the famous Battle of Nations in 295 BC. The first traces of an effective Romanization of the territory date back to the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC when, probably, there was a conciliabulum spontaneously constituted by the aggregation of colonists who arrived around the Fanum Fortunae, the Shrine of Fortune, following the Lex Flaminia of 232 BC. In 1 BC, Fanum Fortunae attained the role of municipium, at which time the city must have been well-developed and equipped with defensive walls. With Augustus, between 31 and 27 BC, the Colonia Iulia Fanestris was founded. At this time the city was practically rebuilt and assumed the typical physiognomy of the Augustan centers characterized by a surrounding wall with doors, some of which were monumental, and with the city laid out on orthogonal axes, the most important public buildings organized around the central square and entertainment buildings dislocated to marginal areas. The other public buildings were destroyed by the fires and devastation brought by the Goths of Vitige in the 6th century AD. Rebuilt by the Byzantines, the city became one of the centers of the Maritime Pentapolis, along with Ancona, Senigallia, Pesaro and Rimini.
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Da Pesaro a San Benedetto del Tronto, lungo la costa Adriatica, alla scoperta dei principali porti e approdi frequentati dall’età del bronzo a oggi. Alla foce di fiumi e torrenti, entro piccole baie, promontori e grandi insenature, si svilupparono nell’antichità porti, porti canale, empori o semplici approdi. Questi scali furono il fulcro di una fitta rete di commerci marittimi che hanno dato vita a un intenso dialogo tra oriente e occidente, testimoniato dai ritrovamenti di reperti provenienti da tutto il bacino del Mediterraneo.
|Address||Via San Francesco d'Assisi 76 Fano|